## The Three Acts Of A Mathematical Story

2016 Aug 6. Here is video of this task structure implemented with elementary students.

2013 May 14. Here’s a brief series on how to teach with three-act math tasks. It includes video.

2013 Apr 12. I’ve been working this blog post into curriculum ideas for a couple years now. They’re all available here.

Storytelling gives us a framework for certain mathematical tasks that is both prescriptive enough to be useful and flexible enough to be usable. Many stories divide into three acts, each of which maps neatly onto these mathematical tasks.

Act One

Introduce the central conflict of your story/task clearly, visually, viscerally, using as few words as possible.

With Jaws your first act looks something like this:

The visual is clear. The camera is in focus. It isn’t bobbing around so much that you can’t get your bearings on the scene. There aren’t any words. And it’s visceral. It strikes you right in the terror bone.

With math, your first act looks something like this:

The visual is clear. The camera is locked to a tripod and focused. No words are necessary. I’m not saying anyone is going to shell out ten dollars on date night to do this math problem but you have a visceral reaction to the image. It strikes you right in the curiosity bone.

Leave no one out of your first act. Your first act should impose as few demands on the students as possible – either of language or of math. It should ask for little and offer a lot. This, incidentally, is as far as the #anyqs challenge takes us.

Act Two

The protagonist/student overcomes obstacles, looks for resources, and develops new tools.

Before he resolves his largest conflict, Luke Skywalker resolves a lot of smaller ones – find a pilot, find a ship, find the princess, get the Death Star plans back to the Rebellion, etc. He builds a team. He develops new skills.

So it is with your second act. What resources will your students need before they can resolve their conflict? The height of the basketball hoop? The distance to the three-point line? The diameter of a basketball?

What tools do they have already? What tools can you help them develop? They’ll need quadratics, for instance. Help them with that.

Act Three

Resolve the conflict and set up a sequel/extension.

The third act pays off on the hard work of act two and the motivation of act one. Here’s act three of Star Wars.

That’s a resolution right there. Imagine, though, that Luke fired his last shot and instead of watching the Death Star explode, we cut to a scene inside the Rebellion control room. No explosion. Just one of the commanders explaining that “the mission was a success.”

That what it’s like for students to encounter the resolution of their conflict in the back of the teacher’s edition of the textbook.

If we’ve successfully motivated our students in the first act, the payoff in the third act needs to meet their expectations. Something like this:

Now, remember Vader spinning off into the distance, hurtling off to set the stage for The Empire Strikes Back. You need to be Vader. Make sure you have extension problems (sequels, right?) ready for students as they finish.

Conclusion

Many math teachers take act two as their job description. Hit the board, offer students three worked examples and twenty practice problems. As the ALEKS algorithm gets better and Bill Gates throws more gold bricks at Sal Khan and more people flip their classrooms, though, it’s clear to me that the second act isn’t our job anymore. Not the biggest part of it, anyway. You are only one of many people your students can access as they look for resources and tools. Going forward, the value you bring to your math classroom increasingly will be tied up in the first and third acts of mathematical storytelling, your ability to motivate the second act and then pay off on that hard work.

Related

1. I gave this post a try a year ago.
2. Also, Breedeen Murray has a lot of useful things to say about storytelling, though I can’t endorse her enthusiasm for “confusion.”

2011 Dec 26: The Three Acts of a (Lousy) Mathematical Story is also on the syllabus.

I'm Dan and this is my blog. I'm a former high school math teacher and current head of teaching at Desmos. He / him. More here.

### 142 Comments

1. #### Jason Fountain

May 12, 2011 - 3:18 am -

Dan,
I’ve been following your posts for about a year now. As a former middle school math teacher, I think you are right on with your focus on building mathematical stories.

One of my favorite recent books is “Do the Work” by Steven Pressfield. He wrote a great little post a few weeks ago about the three act structure in anything we are doing. It’s worth a look: http://www.stevenpressfield.com/2011/04/three-act-structure/

Keep pushing!

2. #### MBP

May 12, 2011 - 5:03 am -

Now I’m finding myself confused. I seem to remember you saying that you tell mathematical stories daily, and WCYDWT problems less frequently. But now it seems that you’re identifying good mathematical story telling with WCYDWT problems? Which part am I getting wrong?

I think that this framework easily applies to apply to very non-WCYDWT approaches as well. For instance, if my students know how to solve linear equations in one variable, and then I put any other equation in one variable on the board, I think everyone in the classroom is going to ask the same question: how do we find solutions for the variable? I suppose that the big difference between a question like “How do we find solutions to this equation?” and “Will the basketball go in?” is in how badly kids need the question answered. How hooky is the hook?

At the same time, we shouldn’t underestimate the hookiness of “How do we find solutions to this equation?” In class the other day I did something stupid: I put a rational equation up on the board that turns into a kind of quadratic equation that my ninth graders don’t know how to solve. Once we had that quadratic equation on the board, though, I had to very, very slowly back away from my students. I tried to move on. “Wait, so what are the solutions?” Umm… we haven’t learned it yet. “Is the answer 8?” Well…sort of but remember how many solutions a quadratic equation has. “Oh! So it’s got 2 solutions.” I have no doubt that more of my students would have been engaged in that conversation if it was a more intuitive question (Will the ball go in?). Still, mathematical questions don’t suck.

3. #### Damian Eastwood

May 12, 2011 - 7:19 am -

Reading your post on Google Reader. The previous post from a different blog was discussing a school in Denmark that is piloting open book exams where “the book” is the full range of online communication tools. It sruck me that the kind of questions being asked would need to very different from traditional “what can you remember”, closed book testing. I was wondering what such an exam paper might look like as I hit the next button to read this post. I think this kind of thinking, and format could be the answer to my question and could be adapted to provides some interesting assessment work.

4. #### Michael

May 12, 2011 - 7:39 am -

Dan said: “I’m not saying anyone is going to shell out ten dollars on date night to do this math problem”

Wouldn’t that be something if people DID shell out ten dollars on date night to do a math problem or two; if it is a double feature!

I think I see a new business opportunity for someone.

5. #### Alex

May 12, 2011 - 8:48 am -

Dan,

Do you see a world where every math teacher is capable of building a curriculum that largely consists of math storytelling/WCYDWT lessons and learning experiences?

Or do you see a world where that curriculum is available to be accessed/purchased?

6. #### Dan Meyer

May 12, 2011 - 8:49 am -

MBP: Now I’m finding myself confused. I seem to remember you saying that you tell mathematical stories daily, and WCYDWT problems less frequently. But now it seems that you’re identifying good mathematical story telling with WCYDWT problems? Which part am I getting wrong?

The difference between the mathematical stories we tell daily and #wcydwt is the visual nature of #wcydwt and the different techniques for resolving the first act conflict in the third act. (It’s hard to show the answer to a trinomial factoring problem. It’s different, anyway.) Otherwise, they’re largely the same.

7. #### Breedeen

May 12, 2011 - 9:12 am -

Geez. Called out again by Meyer.

I want to make it clear (and plan to in an upcoming post) that I am not enthusiastic about confusion for confusion’s sake. I value confusion as a part of the learning process. My take on “confusion” aligns rather well with what you’re saying about Act 1 & Act 2. I have not yet written about Act 3–the climax and dÃ©nouement.

Unresolved confusion is not productive. Not to mention about as unsatisfying as an unresolved narrative arc [last season of Farscape, anyone?…anyone?].

8. #### mary

May 12, 2011 - 9:12 am -

Suggested “act 3” extension for a more advanced math/physics class: add a scoreboard and a buzzer about to go off. You do need to know g=9.8 m/s^2 and have some dimension from the image in that case, but it would give you a second thing to solve for.

9. #### Dan Meyer

May 12, 2011 - 3:04 pm -

Alex: Do you see a world where every math teacher is capable of building a curriculum that largely consists of math storytelling/WCYDWT lessons and learning experiences?

Or do you see a world where that curriculum is available to be accessed/purchased?

A mix of the two, mostly. I don’t know if it’s possible for a teacher to teacher from a framework she doesn’t understand. If your understanding of the three acts is so shaky you can’t create one of these problems, it isn’t going to be simple for you to teach someone else’s.

That said, once two teachers share an understanding of this common framework, certainly they should pool their efforts. The same goes for thousands of math teachers on the Internet.

10. #### Paul McNally

May 12, 2011 - 3:35 pm -

Hi Dan,

Just wanted to let you know that I’ve been inspired…I write curriculum for my district (Cherry Hill NJ) and also create performance assessments for my classes. I created a systems performance assessment for my Algebra class a few years ago where the students perform races in groups of two or three, model there race with a distance vs. time graph and use algebra to determine how much of a head-start the slower runner would need to to tie the faster runner. Then obviously we go back outside and test our hypothesis…but the problem lied in how to get the students to figure out the head start without me showing them first (i.e. the runners’ speed “slope” doesn’t change and the slower runner must end at the same time “point” as the faster runner). That’s where you come into play. I’ve created three videos as a pre-lesson to the performance assessment where there is no sound only me running a 100 foot race and the time on the bottom of the video, my co-worker running the same race with a slower time and then finally me and my coworker finishing the race at the same time but not showing what happened in the beginning of the race. Can’t wait to try it out this year with my students in a few weeks . But I just wanted to say thank you for the inspiration…it was like a light bulb went off and mow I can see so much more potential in my lessons and my labs/performance assessments. Keep it up!!

11. #### Timon Piccini

May 12, 2011 - 7:28 pm -

Thanks Dan! Once again you have made so many things so clear. I am really hoping that I will be able to incorporate this sort of story telling even a fraction as well as you have done!

I have a question, is this worthwhile to bringing to my staff, even if they are not all math experts? They are great teachers, and would be inspired by this. As part of our technology budget we have all received iPod touches with video, and I thought of introducing them to some anyqs and WCYDWT, so that is not just a glorified google searching device.

I am a newcomer to this whole style of math teaching, so I am curious what you would think? Get a few lessons under my belt first, or just open it up to everyone, and learn from each other?

12. #### Owen

May 13, 2011 - 2:48 am -

I have learnt a few things about story telling through images and presentations from Garr Reynolds at Presentation Zen http://www.presentationzen.com/

And thanks to the ideas on this blog, I have started thinking “Is that something mathematical I can take a photo or video of?”

13. #### Tom

May 13, 2011 - 11:50 am -

Good stuff Dan! I’ve fairly new to teaching and to your blog (found it after seeing your TED video) and I’m hooked. I used storytelling a bit in one of my Algebra classes a couple years ago after talking with an English teacher about how they got students talking about the content, instead of just staring blankly at him. His response was the fact that he got to talk about characters, plot, etc. This got me thinking about storytelling in math.

I didn’t quite do it as you did with the three acts, but used it as an introduction to direct variation and to help the students get the “big ideas” with the concepts. I used the clips from the Matrix and related Neo to the independent variable and Agent Smith with the dependent variable. The dependent variable “reacted” to the independent variable, just as Agent Smith would follow/track Neo. As a follow-up at the end of the unit I gave an assignment where the students could use their own movie analysis relating the characters to content or create their own story.

Again, not quite the same as you’ve been talking about, but the students enjoyed it and if you are looking at the different types of learners, this helps some who aren’t as strong with their computations demonstrate their understanding of the content in another way.

14. #### Pwolf

May 13, 2011 - 12:09 pm -

Paul McNally brought up something that I’ve been thinking about for about a week or so. It may be more useful to e-mail the guy who made it, but does anyone have a copy of “Do You Know How Slow You Run?” I saw it when Dan used it in a presentation I was watching last week, and when I went to find it on Youtube, it had been taken down.

For those of you who haven’t seen it, a guy in a suit runs the 40 yard dash at the NFL Combine in what appears to be a pretty respectable time for a guy in a suit. Then they show the video again, this time spliced in with a real football player, who blows past the guy in the suit. Then they show another clip and they give the guy in a suit a head start, and he still loses by a lot.

I haven’t been able to see the whole thing, so I don’t know if there is a “blow up the Death Star” moment where the guy gets the head start he needs, but man would that be a killer first-day-of-the-year lesson. If I can’t find it, I’ll have to make my own, maybe stealing the tricycle idea (I don’t remember who made that one). But I really want the original.

15. #### Karim

May 13, 2011 - 12:55 pm -

@Pwolf: Here’s the link you’re looking for…http://www.nfl.com/videos/nfl-combine/09000d5d816b2dca/Rich-Eisen-s-40-yd-dash

This is a really wonderful description of a good lesson flow, and one of the most well thought out and articulated I’ve read. It makes sense given Dan’s background in film (although, the next time around, he might consider using Major League, which everyone agrees is a cinematic masterpiece).

Clearly storytelling makes the learning process more engaging and authentic, especially when combined with multimedia. My only concern is that people interpret this to mean that it’s the best or indeed only way of teaching, something to which everything else is therefore inferior. I don’t think that Dan is setting WCYDWT-style prompts up as the be-all-end-all, and in fact he’s done a great job of noting its limits and boundaries. Having read the comments, though, I sense that some are eager to develop an entire curriculum around this, which 1) may be infeasible, and 2) may diminish the authenticity which this approach depends on.

In terms of the first, not all topics lend themselves to multimedia, and restricting a curriculum to .jpg and .mov unnecessarily filters down the field. Similarly, storytelling itself is limited to situations where…there’s a story: a conflict, a resolution. But say you’re a 6th grade teacher and have to teach PEMDAS, and were thinking of doing a lesson on body-mass index or target heart rates. These aren’t stories, but they’re still very mathematically rich. Also, students walk out of class knowing something about health & wellness, which is valuable in and of itself.

At the same time, we do have to consider how easy this type of lesson is to teach, particularly for a new and inexperienced teacher. Act Two isn’t just an act, but rather a collection of mini-acts, and helping students navigate through quadratics–and ensuring that they cover the standards they need to cover, in the time they need to cover them–can be challenging. Which is to say: the virtue of the storytelling approach is that it’s open-ended. There are huge upsides to this, but potential shortcomings as well.

This isn’t an argument against conflict/plot/resolution types of lessons. Far from it. It’s simply a caution against the illusion of mutual exclusion, and the desire to put everything into the same neat category. Still, for this category, this is easily one of the best descriptions I’ve seen. Awesome.

16. #### Dan Meyer

May 13, 2011 - 2:44 pm -

@Pwolf, if you’d like a hard copy of Karim’s link, you can grab that here: http://wcydwt.mrmeyer.com/slowrunner.zip.

@Karim, thanks for weighing in on this one.

Karim: My only concern is that people interpret this to mean that it’s the best or indeed only way of teaching, something to which everything else is therefore inferior.

Concern trolling? Certainly, I did my best to disclaim at the top of the page that this is a framework only for “certain mathematical tasks.” And so help me if I can’t find a single commenter suggesting what you suggest they’re suggesting. Where are you taking exception, exactly?

Karim: In terms of the first, not all topics lend themselves to multimedia, and restricting a curriculum to .jpg and .mov unnecessarily filters down the field. Similarly, storytelling itself is limited to situations where…there’s a story: a conflict, a resolution. But say you’re a 6th grade teacher and have to teach PEMDAS, and were thinking of doing a lesson on body-mass index or target heart rates.

Agreed to the first that not every good mathematical task comes packaged with a .jpg or a .mov. I disagree, however, that conflict is optional. Learning arises naturally from the resolution of conflict and it’s incumbent on professional math educators to locate the conflict in topics like PEMDAS. PEMDAS, for the record, isn’t even hiding its conflict all that well. Namely, if we don’t have some convention for the order of operations, we will all get different answers for the same expression. That isn’t a great white shark circling a swimmer, but it is a conflict.

(Another example of conflict where you least expect it: naming points in the Cartesian plane.)

Karim: At the same time, we do have to consider how easy this type of lesson is to teach, particularly for a new and inexperienced teacher. Act Two isn’t just an act, but rather a collection of mini-acts …

Act one is the easiest, particularly when you’re able to download it from someone else. Act three next. (Revealing the answer is easy. The summary discussion of methods is not.) I’m not sure what “mini-act” means, but act two is far and away the hardest of the three.

A master practitioner, in act two, will quickly pre-assess her students’ existing toolset and ask questions that lead to the development of new tools strong enough to resolve the act one conflict. That’s tough.

A novice practitioner, in act two, will lecture. She’ll give her students the tools necessary to resolve the conflict, without respect to their existing toolset. That isn’t great teaching, but there is room within this framework to grow from novice to master.

Certainly, it’s an ongoing challenge to make this framework accessible to as many teachers as possible without making it meaningless. (In that sense, The rule of least power has been the white whale of my career.) Even if I didn’t have evidence of new teachers applying this framework in their classes, I’d still wonder what’s wrong with a framework that only intermediate and advanced teachers can apply? New teachers are only new for so long.

17. #### Karim

May 13, 2011 - 5:34 pm -

Concern trolling, or trolling for concern trolling? :)

I’m not knocking WCYDWT, as I think my initial comment made clear. When I write that my “concern is that people interpret this to mean…”, there’s an implicit [would] in there. I’m not saying that people necessarily “do” create a mutual exclusion in their minds, but simply that they “might.”

(That said, Alex in comment 5 asks, “Do you see a world where every math teacher is capable of building a curriculum that largely consists of math storytelling/WCYDWT lessons?” I don’t know whether this was a question or a solicitation, but I can certainly see people–indeed have met people–who are looking for a simple answer to a difficult question, namely how do we engage students in math?, find your blog and become convinced that WCYDWT is this answer. Again, I know that you’re not advocating it as such, but that doesn’t mean that people won’t in their enthusiasm interpret it that way).

In terms of the role of conflict, we may just fundamentally disagree. I think it’s important and can lead to great learning, but I’m not ready to say that learning without conflict therefore isn’t. I learned about the Declaration of Independence and the Freedom Riders, quadratics and the birth of Impressionism. None of those involved conflict…unless we define “conflict” so broadly that it ceases to mean anything.

WCYDWT uses the world as a prism to explore math: the world serving the math. I don’t imagine you really care about water tanks or Russian dolls, but that you value them insofar as they provide an “in” to mathematics. At their heart, WCYDWT-style lessons seem to me like wonderful puzzles. Puzzles are great. Sudoku is great.

And so is the rest of the newspaper. Which is to say, there’s another side to math, and one that doesn’t always involve an initial conflict: math serving the world. Using PEMDAS to examine target heart rates, or expected value to understand both sides of the healthcare debate. I imagine that Galileo was fascinated by telescopes for telescopes’ sake, but more so that he could see the stars.

World to math. Math to world. We need both, and that’s the point…and one that I’d be sad to see lost in our enthusiasm to codify a new template.

In terms of my “we do have to consider how easy this type of lesson is to teach, particularly for a new and inexperienced teacher” comment, it wasn’t a critique of WCYDWT but simply a recognition of the challenges a first year teacher may encounter in trying to teach it, and the need to make it as easy as possible for him/her to incorporate. As I’ve said before, WCYDWT is great stuff. These prompts are wonderful, and it would be a shame if people didn’t use them because they didn’t know how. So let me ask you: do you actually disagree with what I wrote?

18. #### Karim

May 13, 2011 - 6:17 pm -

By the way, the Photoshopped answer key (“the ball goes in”)? Genius.

19. #### Christopher Danielson

May 14, 2011 - 1:42 am -

Um Karim? No conflict in the Declaration of Independence? No conflict in the Freedom Riders? Please revise examples and resubmit.

20. #### Karim

May 14, 2011 - 3:06 am -

@Chris, you know what I meant. Of course there were conflicts for them, but were you on the edge of your seat in seventh grade wondering, “How are we going to extricate ourselves from the King?!” Press play. “Phew!”

My point is that not every learning experience requires this kind of “oooh I wonder how this is going to turn out” internalization. Are these valuable prompts? No doubt, where they exist. But take the combinatorics lesson on your Sophia site: “How many possible color combinations are there on Nike iD?” There’s a narrative, yes, but no deep conflict*. It’s still a valuable learning exercise, though.

(*Unless we define “conflict” to simply mean “question.” If that’s the case, then yes, I imagine most people would agree that learning first requires a question. But a net that catches everything catches nothing, and I don’t think this broad brush is what Dan intended (unless I misinterpreted)).

Indeed, maybe I did misunderstand. Like @MBP, I understood that WCYDWT-style lessons happened every so often, but weren’t meant to replace the entire curriculum. Some of Dan’s comments seem to reaffirm this. But with the whole “learning requires conflict, where conflict means [Act One],” I’m no longer so sure. @Dan can you clarify, or perhaps expand on your response in comment #5?

21. #### Dan Meyer

May 14, 2011 - 10:41 am -

Karim: @Chris, you know what I meant. Of course there were conflicts for them, but were you on the edge of your seat in seventh grade wondering, “How are we going to extricate ourselves from the King?!” Press play. “Phew!”

It’s a rather large problem how little our classrooms involve intellectual conflict, how comfortable teachers are to walk to the front of the class, announce the day’s topic, and describe it fully, all without positioning it as the resolution to some previous conflict or the antecedent to some future conflict.

I’m not saying learning arises exclusively from conflict. But we developed new mathematical tools to resolve the limitations of the old ones. That’s a conflict. And there are methods for making that conflict deeply felt to our students.

“Press play” and all that? Just details. The conventions of narrative run beneath everything. Draw it on a cave wall or shoot it with a Flip – doesn’t matter to me. I don’t know anything about teaching history, for instance, but I feel confident saying that if you can’t evoke the conflict of the Revolution in a way that is real to your students, in a way that you can leverage into learning, you’re probably in the wrong business.

22. #### Karim

May 14, 2011 - 12:14 pm -

Well put. Invariably there’s a spectrum of conflict–from the immediate & visceral to the more subtle–and your first paragraph pretty much nails what it doesn’t look like.

By the way, if I were still teaching I’d use WCYDWT as often as possible, and at a minimum every other Friday. I love it.

23. #### MBP

May 15, 2011 - 12:54 pm -

Storytelling is also undervalued at higher levels of instruction as well. Low-level, lesson-level storytelling helps with learning individual topics. But what connects these individual topics? What *are* we learning, anyway, Mr. MBP? What do mathematicians do all day?

We need the higher levels of instruction–units, semesters, and subjects–to include story arcs as well. Each moment in the classroom should feel inevitable, and a necessary step in the larger story. Stories do that.

24. #### Christopher Danielson

May 15, 2011 - 6:29 pm -

Karim:

But take the combinatorics lesson on your Sophia site: “How many possible color combinations are there on Nike iD?” There’s a narrative, yes, but no deep conflict*. It’s still a valuable learning exercise, though.

Point well taken. I agree wholeheartedly that questionâ‰ conflict. But wouldn’t it be a better learning experience if there were conflict?

W/r/t Sophia, you point to something I’ve been struggling with. My Nike combinatorics packet is, of course, ripped off straight from you, Karim (with credit given in the first paragraph). I wrote it quickly and to supplement some class work in my College Algebra class. I use it to tell. If you don’t care already about combinatorics, nothing about that packet is going to make you care.

While Sophia incorporates multimedia, it does so linearly. In that sense, it’s very much like a textbook. Reference Bowen’s question about textbooks here. I’m still playing around with how to incorporate compelling narrative into this new medium. One way is to write in a way that brings students’ half-formed ideas and misconceptions to the forefront, as in my packets on circles and on exterior angles of concave polygons. The conflict arises when these half-formed ideas are pushed to their limits. “You think of a circle as something round, but that’s not good enough. Here’s why.” and “Remember when we said that the sum of measures of the exterior angles of a polygon is 360 degrees because if you were walking around the polygon, you end up facing the way you started? That doesn’t seem to work for a concave polygon, does it?”

Conflict-free teaching ignores the ideas that students bring with them to class. “A circle is the set of all points a common distance from a single points, which is called the center.” and “The sum of the exterior angles of any polygon is 360 degrees, counting left-hand turns as positive and right-hand ones as negative.” It tells without concern to what’s really being heard. We’ve all done it and it creates conflict that teachers are unable to observe, never mind resolve.

Better teaching begins with the ideas students bring with them and uses them to create visible conflict that needs resolution (cognitive dissonance is another trendy term for a related idea).

25. #### Gary Harper

May 15, 2011 - 11:23 pm -

Hi Dan

I am a High School Maths teacher in Scotland and have been reading your posts for about 2 months now. I have been trying to tweak my lessons to try some of the stuff you have posted. What editing software did you use for the video of your basketball shot? I am trying a similar thing but can’t find some decent software.

26. #### Jamie

July 12, 2011 - 7:11 am -

I didnt realize the way you structured your math problems was in a storytelling format. I took a class on digital storytelling and everyone thought I was nuts, storytelling in math. Reading your explanations of the 3 acts and seeing examples make it much more clear. Beginning, Conflict, Closure.

27. #### Christa

August 21, 2011 - 7:34 pm -

I have been teaching for exactly 6 years, I saw your video because I was forced to watch it in my grad class! Already I have sent it out to the entire math team and all of the principals! If I get one more unsatisfactory observation after they watch your video, then they need they I will ask them to teach my math class so that they can model rigor for me after they have their head examined!

Of course, I am being sarcastic! I studied Electrical Engineering and shifted careers obviously. However, I have received about 4 unsats in my career, all due to student behaviors! I have had technology 1/6 years in my classroom, only had an honors class 1/6 years, but I am now in a Learning Technology Masters program and finally this year we will have Nspire Technology in all math classes.

So! I said all of that to say that they better pay attention to your video! All I hear is I can’t do math, I never was good at it, but yet you have the nerve to evaluate me and expect me to control my math class with extra tough math problems, and if I just did that, my kids would be engaged!!!!! Yeah right!

Maybe deep down inside I am hoping that they could get you to come to do a real professional development at our school because this year we are finally going to stop focusing on writing!!!!!!

Thank you,

Christa Togans

28. #### Renee Goularte

December 10, 2011 - 9:45 am -

I was at your presentation at Asilomar (which was great!) and, in fact, was one of the people who started the Darth Vader music in the back. I’ve been thinking how to apply your “hook” idea to lower elementary students, K, 1st, and 2nd particularly, and 4th and 5th also, in ways that will include art-making. Any ideas on that from anyone would be welcome!

29. #### Bradley

December 23, 2011 - 4:48 am -

Dan,

Thank you so much for sharing your Three Acts pedagogy! I actually met you at the 2011 Siemens STEM Institute before you gave your keynote presentation. I was truly inspired by your presentation and have been working with my math department in my middle school.

I wanted to now share with you a Three Acts math problem that I created for my technology students. If you have any suggestions for future Three Acts math problems, I would greatly appreciate it!

Best of your with your success!

Brad

http://the-lands-cape.blogspot.com/2011/12/my-three-act-math-problem.html

30. #### Joshua

April 9, 2013 - 5:57 pm -

Dan, I attended your workshop last year at the Punahou School in Hawaii. I want to know what the link is to your 3-act activities to start integrating them into my class.

Mahalo,
Josh Lyons
Assets School

31. #### Dan Meyer

April 10, 2013 - 1:40 pm -

Hi Josh, our workshop page was here. The webpage with all my three-act tasks is here. If you’re looking for something else, please let me know.