I pick up a huge static charge whenever six words, paired with the right a/v material, can motivate an hour of mathematical exploration.

Here is the opposite of that static charge, a loud sucking sound as my brain deflates, the old way of doing real-world relevance:

As a student, I’m like “cool, volleyball, volleyball’s fun” but the problem is already dumping questions and formulae and mathematical structure on top of me before I have ever *once* considered the reality that projectile motion follows a parabola.

You have to earn that.

So I shot four of these images [partial, full] — one that ultimately went long, one that went short, one that went in, and one that *looked like* it went in, but really veered to the side, provoking a discussion of errors in 3D projections onto a 2D plane.

I shot ’em plain. Nothing fancy, plenty of room along the edges, no soundtrack, no narration, nothing overtly helpful. I set them up so I could ask the students a clear, visceral question: “Will the ball hit the can?”

Because this is a question which *everyone* wants to answer, regardless of mathematical ability. Everyone has an opinion. Everyone gets invested. It’s also a question that has a visual answer, one which we can compare against their predictions. So the *first* thing I had the students do after they paired up in front of laptops was divide a piece of paper into quarters and make a bet on each throw. I gave them the digital files, next, on top of which they modeled parabolas in Geogebra, revising their guesses afterward.

Then we played the answer videos and called it a pretty good day.

Perhaps now that they’re really, really invested into the idea that projectile motion follows a parabola, now that they’re comfortable with Geogebra, we’ll take Geogebra away. We’ll change the constraints now, superimposing a grid or a protractor, deriving the parametrized equations, but I just want to impress upon you, if nothing else, that this is a very deliberate, very sacred (to me) process, a process which most textbooks desecrate whenever possible.

If one of my students could successfully answer that scanned textbook problem above, but hadn’t on her own wondered, “What if we knew the equations of the parabola, what then?” I really don’t know how accomplished I’d feel.

## 8 Comments

## David Cox

March 28, 2009 - 11:42 am -Dan,

What prior knowledge did your students have before you did this activity with them? When you said that you would later have them derive the equations are you talking about the vertical motion (ie, height vs. time) or the actual projectile equations (vertical vs. horizontal)? I think once you have that kid ask, “What if we had the equations of the parabola?”, then you got ’em.

If you haven’t covered vertical motion with your students yet, I have a pretty cool GeoGebra applet. (http://mathcasts.org/gg/student/quadratics/motion/motion_v3.html)

## Dan Meyer

March 28, 2009 - 1:24 pm -We had covered parabolas where the axis of symmetry is on the y-axis. Basic stuff. They were starting to ask, “When will we ever use this?” so it seemed appropriate to show them. With Algebra 1 I wouldn’t derive either equation. With physics I would derive the vertical and horizontal components. And with Algebra II I would derive the height equation.

I think.

## David Cox

March 28, 2009 - 1:56 pm -Yeah, you are probably right. I have just finished doing standard 23 with my advanced 8th grade class and they have it pretty cold. They get the whole h=-16t^2 +vt +s thing. I am curious as to how far they may be able to go with something like this.

So do you think you will be able to revisit this with your algebra kids, or is this just a “see I told you you could use this stuff” kind of thing?

How much time is elapsed between frames?

## Dan Meyer

March 28, 2009 - 7:21 pm -I think I exported the video at fifteen frames per second.

## mathercize

March 29, 2009 - 8:33 am -Thanks for the post, it brought up another question in my mind:

http://mathercize.blogspot.com/2009/03/bouncing-ball-pattern.html

I’m trying to transition from ‘traditional’ teaching style to… well, effective. At any rate, thanks for getting this math-teaching-thing right in a lot of ways.

## David Cox

April 8, 2009 - 2:36 pm -Dan

My class took a shot and here is what we came up with.

http://tinyurl.com/d9tj6t

Thanks for sharing this. I think I may be able to get a week out of this next year.